Solid Waste Management

Waste management in Italy is managed at a municipal level in accordance with national legislation, and differs widely from area to area.

Typically, rubbish is collected by a waste disposal company contracted to the comune (municipal authority). Following garbage crises in the south of the country municipalities are increasing access to recycling services and domestic collection. While kerbside collection schemes with mandatory separation are more established in the North, much of Southern Italy continues to rely on bottle banks and communal landfill containers.

In Italy, the management of the waste cycle is emblematic of the many contradictions suffered by the country: the service does not improve while costs borne by families increase. In particular, rates mostly increase in those zones of the country with the lowest income: for example, in the last five years (2007 to 2012) they increased by an average of 48,5% in Campania.